Ripla Arora is an assistant professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology within the College of Human Medicine and is the Chief of the Division of Developmental and Stem Cell Biology in the Institute for Quantitative Health Science and Engineering. Her research focuses on embryo uterine interactions at the time of implantation and uterine development.
Dr. Arora received her undergraduate and graduate degrees in biochemistry from the University of Delhi, India. She went on to receive her Ph.D. degree in genetics and development from Columbia University, completing her postdoctoral work in the Department of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences at the University of California-San Francisco.
The Arora Lab
Early events of mammalian pregnancy, although crucial for normal development, are poorly understood. Owing to the small size and transparent nature of the early embryo, development from fertilization to blastocyst stages has been extensively documented by imaging. On the other hand, a deeper understanding of the 3D architecture of the embryo’s uterine environment and the uterine glands has lagged behind.
The Arora Lab uses developmental genetics, 3D imaging, computational image analysis, and gene expression analysis, to understand how hormones influence the uterine architecture to modulate receptivity and implantation.
Hormonal Regulation of Receptivity and Implantation
The uterine tube folds randomly in the absence of pregnancy but folds in a stereotypic manner to create uterine crypts that home the incoming embryos. We are using genetic mouse mutants, gene expression analysis and 3D imaging to understand how hormones guide the formation of the crypts.
Uterine Gland Branching Morphogenesis
In a mammalian pregnancy, uterine glands nourish the embryo until the placenta forms. The uterine glands undergo patterning and reorganization at the time of embryo implantation. Using different image analysis platforms we are dissecting the structure of the uterine glands and the changes that accompany implantation. Using spatial localization of the glands with respect to the other cell types, we will determine the functional consequences of these architectural glandular changes.
Quantitative Imaging and Modeling
We are using quantitative approaches to measure changes that occur in the uterine luminal and glandular architecture to prepare for pregnancy. We are also applying these methods to conditions where implantation fails to occur